Selukwe Township photographed in 1903
Selukwe was founded in 1899 and lies some 23 miles (37km) south-east of Gwelo. It is the centre of a chrome and gold mining district.
The name of the town derives from a bare oval granite kopje, in the same shape as the pig pens that the BaVenda people used to build. The Venda word for “pig pen” is chirugwe, varied by the Matabele to Selukwe.
The town lies in well wooded, hilly and picturesque country at an altitude of about 4,750ft (1 440m) and is well watered having a typical annual rainfall of 35 ins. On a clear day it is quite possible to see the hills around Fort Victoria and Zimbabwe, the latter being over 90 miles away.
Population. 1911 1921 1927 1931 1941 1951 1969
European 167 202 196 266 362 297 629
Total 589 10 200
District Commissioner’s Office, Selukwe
Typical scenery near Selukwe