Salisbury

Rhodesia’s Capital City

Aerial view of Salisbury in 1977

Above: Salisbury, capital of Rhodesia, in late 1977 looking south west.

The wooded Kopje may be seen in the middle distance just below the power station cooling towers. The recently completed Earl Grey Building housing government offices is prominent in the centre foreground. The Monomotapa Hotel faces Salisbury Gardens to the right just in front of Livingstone House.

Below: as it was less than 90 years before.

Tented camp at Salisbury Sept. 1890

The first camp at Salisbury, September 1890.            Photo by William Ellerton Fry

    Note the Kopje to the right from which many views of Rhodesia’s capital have been taken down the years.

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Early house in Salisbury c 1891

One of the first houses in Salisbury as lived in by the early pioneers.

The materials used can clearly be seen: poles and dagga (dried mud) with a thatched roof.

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Salisbury, Rhodesia in 1895

Salisbury in 1895; Pioneer Street in the foreground

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Salisbury, Rhodesia in 1896

Salisbury in June 1896 – click on picture for a closer view.

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Natives watching Coronation parade, Cecil Squere, Salisbury, 1902

“Salisbury Club, boys watching Coronation Parade in Cecil Square 1902”

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Salisbury viewed from Jameson Ave, 1903

Salisbury from Jameson Ave looking towards the Kopje, 1903.

This is a similar view to that shown in the second photo just 13 years before. The cathedral/church is at centre left.

(Take a closer look by clicking on the picture.)

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Salisbury view from Days Rooms early 1900s

An interesting print of the capital a few years later in the early 1900s giving an impression of life at street level.

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First Street, Salisbury c 1905 looking North from Manica Road

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Salisbury, Rhodesia in 1912

Salisbury, Rhodesia from the Kopje 1912

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Salisbury's new hospital 1914

Salisbury’s fine new hospital pictured shortly after completion in 1914.

The amazingly rapid progress of civilistion is striking when compared with the first pictures at the top of this page taken a short 24 years earlier.

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Meikles Hotel under construction 1914

Meikles Hotel under construction 1914

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Salisbury; Club 1915

The Club, facing Cecil Square, Salisbury 1915

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Looking west along Manica Road, 1914

Manica Road looking west, 1914

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Looking east along Manica Road, 1919

Manica Road, Salisbury in 1919 looking east.

Manica Road was the principal business and shopping street at this time.

First Street slowly grew in importance and became predominant from about 1950 onwards.

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Progress by 1929

Apart from more buildings, the main point of note is the large number of trees which have been planted.

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Salisbury from the Kopje – 1930

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Salisbury in the mid 1950s

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Jacarandas in Kingsway, SalisburyKingsway at Jacaranda Time – looking north towards Jameson Ave.

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City of Salisbury, capital of Rhodesia in 1974

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Xmas decorations, First Street, Salisbury, 1974

Salisbury was founded in 1890 when it was chosen as the site for Rhodesia’s future capital. The Pioneer Column halted here on 12th September and the next day the Union Flag was formally raised. The settlement was named in honour of the then Prime Minister of Britain: Lord Salisbury. The settlement grew into a town and in 1935 it was granted the status of a city. The city lies at an altitude of about 1 472 metres / 4,829 feet above sea level.

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Livingstone House, Salisbury, 1974

Livingstone House taken from Salisbury Gardens, 1974

The next two photos were taken from the top.

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Salisbury Gardens from atop Livingstone House, 1977

Looking North over Salisbury Gardens from Livingstone House before the rains.

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Looking east along Jameson Ave, Salisbury, 1977

Jameson Ave, Salisbury looking East from atop Livingstone House, 1977

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Montagu Ave in 1930s

Montagu Avenue, Salisbury as painted by ME Halford 1932

(Marguerite was known to family & friends as “Daisy”)

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below my own photograph from 1977

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Jacarandas in Monagu Ave, Salisbury, 1977